EcoTech Energy Values Transparency
At EcoTech Energy we understand the complexities of our Climate and Earth Systems, the Science and Data that monitor the Earth, and the Changes to our Climate System that are Caused by Humanities Greatest Invention; 'The ability to Turn Energy into Power'. A baseline of Understanding and Learning, to lay the ground for factual and real-time actionable information on future Events, Decisions, and Possibilities. Climate Change, affects every industry, supply chain, government, policy, employer, employee, and person. Misinformation of actionable data on Climate Change and Human Activity has negative impacts. Factually understanding the scientific data will allow you to confront the Solution with clarity, for actionable sustainable scalable growth. The factual validity of the scientific data has been peer-reviewed, collaborated, collected, and created by involved World Governments, World Banks, and Financial Institutions, Private Research Organizations, and the Leading Companies in industries not limited to; Automotive, Computing, Gas, and Oil, Consumer Utilities, Banking, and more. Companies and organizations involved include but are not limited to, Siemens, Columbia University, The Swiss Re Institute, The World Bank, The Guardian, The Hill, NOAA, The National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Deloitte, The International Finance Corporation, Shell, The International Energy Agency, Dell Technologies, Mitsubishi, and more.
Data collection and analysis were gathered in a source value structure and from direct sources only. All data has been gathered from the research organizations, companies, and government agencies directly. All data collected, approximately over fifteen thousand pages of scientific data, market analysis, company projections, and government policies. There is an international coalition of world leaders shifting the movements of nations and people based on these sole projections of the data points.
WHAT IS THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT?
The Greenhouse Effect is a natural process that takes place when the Sun's energy reaches the Earth's atmosphere, warming the Earth's surface. Some of the Sun's energy is reflected back into space, whiles the rest is absorbed and or re-radiated by Greenhouse gasses. At 93 million miles from Earth, our Sun is a middling star that provides nearly all the energy on Earth. The Sun is the ultimate source of all Energy that is essential for all life and processes to occur on Earth. This energy may come directly, such as in the form of photosynthesis, the process by which plants use Sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to create oxygen and energy. Or indirectly, such as in the form of fossil fuels traditionally used in the form of Coal, crude oil, and natural gas; which long ago trapped the energy of the Sun that is released when burned.
Naturally, the Greenhouse effect warms the Earth's surface to a constant 33 degrees celsius (91 °F) above pre-greenhouse surface temperatures of 60 °F below freezing, allowing for life to exist. With the increase of human impact on the planetary ecosystem; human activity specifically the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), agriculture, and land clearing, have increased the concentrations of greenhouse gases; enhancing the greenhouse effect, which is contributing to the warming of the Earth. Greenhouse gases include water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, and some artificial chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
WHY CARBON DIOXIDE MATTERS
Like woodblocks smoldering and absorbing heat in the fireplace after a fire, carbon dioxide is a crucial, long-lived greenhouse gas that absorbs heat and releases it gradually over time. When heated by the Sun, the Earth's surface and Oceans continuously radiate "heat" or "thermal infrared energy." Carbon Dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas to mankind because it absorbs less heat per molecule than methane and nitrous oxide (other greenhouse gasses) and its more abundant. Carbon is stored in plants, biomass, organic matter, rocks, and sediment; and is used in the production and emissions of fossil fuels. Coal, crude oil, and natural gas are all fossil fuels. Derived from the mined and drilled, buried fossilized remains of plants and animals. For centuries most of the energy generated that powers our buildings, homes, cars, and keeps our lights on, is produced from burning Fossil fuels that are high in carbon content.
NOAA is an Agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce. That understands and predicts changes in climate, weather, ocean, and coasts, to share that knowledge and information with others, and to conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources.
Scientific data from The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported as of August 14th, 2020 the yearly carbon dioxide increase in the atmosphere through the past 60-years has risen about '100 times faster than previous natural increases, such as those that occurred at the end of the last ice age 11,000-17,000 years ago.' In 2019, NOAA projected that 'The global average amount of carbon dioxide hit a new record high in 2019: 409.8 parts per million.' In fact, scientific data shows that the last time the earth temperatures were this high due to carbon dioxide increases was more than 3-million years ago. When Temperatures were 2°–3°C (3.6°–5.4°F) higher than during the pre-industrial era, and sea level was 15–25 meters (50–80 feet) higher than today.
The chart above shows the Global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations (CO2) in parts per million (ppm) for the past 800,000 years. The peaks and valleys track ice ages (low CO2) and warmer interglacials (higher CO2). During these cycles, CO2 was never higher than 300 ppm. On the geologic time scale, the increase (orange dashed line) looks virtually instantaneous. Graph by NOAA Climate.gov based on data from Lüthi, et al., 2008, via NOAA NCEI Paleoclimatology Program. [Update August 20, 2020.]
In the United States, most greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted are generated primarily from the human-caused (anthropogenic) burning of fossil fuels for energy. Research has shown that the burning of fossil fuels in our energy power sector, and transportation, accounts for about 3/4 of the nation's carbon emissions. Greenhouse Gases (GHG) that are internationally emitted as a result of anthropogenic human activity, are Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) from landfills, coal mines, agriculture, oil, and natural gas operations. Nitrous Oxide (N22O) is produced from industrial waste management processes and the burning of nitrogen-based fertilizers fossil fuels. Human Global Warming Potential Gases (GWPs)-- Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6), and Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) are all human-made industrial greenhouse gases. Minus Carbon Dioxide (CO2), in 2019 all other greenhouse gases accounted for approximately 26% of the total anthropogenic GHG emissions.
THE GREEN HOUSE EFFECT & GLOBAL WARMING
The Greenhouse Effect is a natural occurrence that retains the heat from the sun in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases. Through the abundant increase in human activity, and in particular industrial activity; the natural balance of atmospheric heating is off, causing more heat to be trapped. The trapped excess heat from CO2 and other greenhouse gases that have specifically warmed the average global surface and ocean temperatures is referred to as "Global Warming."
The increased Global Warming that is driving our climate change is one of the top modern existential threats to humanity. The international scientific and government communities have created tracking models that allow us to predict and know the current and future planetary temperature rise, and the impacts that human-caused climate change has on the global ecosystem. The scientific community has called for new action from the public, private, and business sectors to create knowledge, initiatives, technologies, and policies; to directly and disruptively impact the decrease of the global temperature and the impact of Greenhouse Gases (GHG). Global surface temperature relative to 1951-1980 average temperatures. Nineteen of the warmest years have occurred since 2000, with the exception of 1998. The year 2020 is tied with 2016 for the warmest year on record since record-keeping began in 1880 (source: NASA/GISS). This research is broadly consistent with similar constructions prepared by the Climatic Research Unit and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Current policies around the world are projected to result in about a 2.9°C warming above pre-industrial levels. Scientists have run an “optimistic” targets scenario analyzing the effect of net zero emissions targets of 131 countries that are adopted in the Paris Climate Agreement; governments will achieve targets with median warming estimates is 2.0°C, to below 2.2°C. Limiting warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels means that the emissions of greenhouse gases must be reduced rapidly in the coming years and decades, and brought to zero before mid-century. The Climate Action Tracker is an independent scientific analysis that tracks government climate action and measures it against the globally agreed Paris Agreement aim of "holding warming well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5°C." A collaboration of two organizations, Climate Analytics and New Climate Institute, the CAT has been providing this independent analysis to policymakers since 2009.
Studies show that with temperatures so high "the emergence of heat and humidity is too severe for human tolerance.” Dangerous wet bulb temperatures occur when the human body can no longer sweat to cool itself down at humidity above 95 percent and temperatures are at least 88 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature even healthy people can be victimized, regardless of what state they are in. "Even if they're in perfect health, even if they're sitting in the shade, even if they're wearing clothes that make it easy in principle to sweat, even if they have an endless supply of water," Lamont Research Professor Radley Horton of Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory told Vice. "If there's enough moisture in the air, it's thermodynamically impossible to prevent the body from overheating." Perspiration is a natural function of the body that helps prevent people from overheating, producing fluids that are secreted by the sweat glands in the person’s skin. As the sweat evaporates, it draws heat away from the body. But the atmosphere has a limit as to how much moisture it will absorb, and it can’t be too humid. In humid conditions, sweat is less likely to evaporate into the atmosphere as opposed to dry conditions, like that of the desert, which is more comfortable than humid heat for this reason. It is possible that other forms of adaptation and technological changes, other than through income-based adjustments, might modify the temperature-mortality relationship over time. For example, provision of public heat alert systems, improved preparation of the medical system for heat-related diseases, or people learning to avoid activity during the hottest parts of the day might all reduce the adverse effects of extreme heat over time.
The Consequences If We Do Not Reach Targets
The Social Cost of Carbon
The social cost of carbon (SCC) is arguably the single most important concept in the economics of climate change. It represents the marginal social damage from emitting one metric ton of carbon dioxide-equivalent at a certain point in time. It represents the price that should be put on carbon dioxide to reduce emissions to socially optimal levels along the optimal emissions trajectory. The SCC has been highly influential in informing climate policy. For example, regulations with benefits totaling over $1 trillion in the United States have used the SCC in their economic analysis. The SCC is commonly estimated using climate-economy integrated assessment models (IAMs), which synthesize the state of scientific knowledge to inform policy. Climate-economy IAMs that produce an SCC also project the optimal path of future emissions by comparing climate damages with the cost of reducing emissions.
Many studies project that climate change is expected to cause a significant number of excess deaths. Yet, in integrated assessment models that determine the social cost of carbon (SCC), human mortality impacts do not reflect the latest scientific understanding. We address this issue by estimating country-level mortality damage functions for temperature-related mortality with global spatial coverage. We rely on projections from the most comprehensive published study in the epidemiology literature of future temperature impacts on mortality (Gasparrini et al. in Lancet Planet Health 1:e360–e367, 2017), which estimated changes in heat- and cold-related mortality for 23 countries over the twenty-first century.
We model variation in these mortality projections as a function of baseline climate, future temperature change, and income variables and then project future changes in mortality for every country. We find significant spatial heterogeneity in projected mortality impacts, with hotter and poorer places more adversely affected than colder and richer places. In the absence of income-based adaptation, the global mortality rate in 2080–2099 is expected to increase by 1.8% under a lower-emissions scenario and by 6.2% in the very high emissions scenario relative to 2001–2020. When the reduced sensitivity to heat associated with rising incomes, such as greater ability to invest in air conditioning, is accounted for, the expected end-of-century increase in the global mortality rate is 1.1% with a 95% certainty and 4.2% in high emissions.
In addition, we compare recent estimates of climate-change-induced excess mortality from diarrheal disease, malaria, and dengue fever in 2030 and 2050 with current estimates used in SCC calculations and show these are likely underestimated in current SCC estimates but are also small compared to more direct temperature effects.
Several studies reviewed show evidence of decreasing sensitivity of heat-related mortality over time. These include 1. deaths attributable to storms or flooding caused by or exacerbated by climate change, deaths from the spread of vector-borne diseases due to higher temperatures, and deaths due to under-nutrition from reduced crop yields. 2. additional components of climate change-induced mortality—deaths due to changes in vector-borne diseases and changes in diarrheal disease. A 2014 WHO reported several modeling studies that projected excess deaths due to climate change for 21 world regions and five impact pathways. Undernutrition, malaria, dengue, diarrhea, and heat stress for that over-65 s in both 2030 and 2050. Findings reported diarrheal and vector-borne diseases to result from interactions between changing populations, increasing incomes, and changing temperature and rainfall patterns. At 4 °C warming above the correct level, the mortality rate is expected to increase by 8.4%. A projected total of 65,000 excess deaths in 2050 due to effects on diarrheal disease (a calculated minimum of 48,100 excess deaths by 2030, 33,00 excess deaths by 2050 with higher incomes and action), malaria (60,100 excess deaths by 2030, 32,700 excess deaths by 2050 with higher incomes and action) and dengue (260 excess deaths by 2030, 280 excess deaths by 2050 with higher incomes and action). total of 65,000 excess deaths in 2050 due to effects on diarrheal disease (a calculated minimum of 48,100 excess deaths by 2030, 33,00 excess deaths by 2050 with higher incomes and action), malaria (60,100 excess deaths by 2030, 32,700 excess deaths by 2050 with higher incomes and action) and dengue (260 excess deaths by 2030, 280 excess deaths by 2050 with higher incomes and action). New research from Oxfam and the Swiss Re Institute suggests that the gross domestic product (GDP) of the world’s largest industrialized economies could decrease by 8.5 percent per year — about $5 trillion — within the next three decades if the global temperatures rise between 3 and 4 degrees Fahrenheit. The G7 countries, the UK, the US, Japan, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, and the EU, the world’s biggest industrialized economies, will lose 8.5% of GDP a year, or nearly $5tn wiped off their economies, within 30 years if temperatures rise by 2.6C. On average in the coronavirus Pandemic, the economies of G7 nations contracted by about 4.2%. The economic losses from the climate crisis by 2050 would be roughly on the scale of suffering a similar crisis twice every year, according to the research. The UK’s economy will lose 6.5% a year by 2050 on current policies and projections, versus 2.4% loss if the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement are met, of limiting global heating to well below 2C, and preferably no more than 1.5C, above pre-industrial levels. India’s economy will shrink by 25% when temperatures increase to 2.6C. Australia’s GDP output will suffer a 12.5% loss, while South Korea will lose nearly a 10th of its economic potential.